Pediatric Obesity Prototype Lesson: Scroll 1

Childhood Obesity


Objectives


In this program, we will learn about the diagnosis, treatment, and management of childhood obesity. After completing the program you will be able to:


  1. Use knowledge to assess for Overweight and Obesity in children.


  1. Describe an immediate treatment plan based on the child’s physical findings, family history and environment.


3. Plan for strategies to promote healthy eating, activity and prevention of overweight and obesity.


Overview


Childhood obesity is currently an epidemic This serious health issue is very important both for child ad adult health. This condition can be reversed through prevention, assessment of childhood obesity and early intervention.


Preventing and managing this condition through assessment and early intervention are important for child health care provided by care for primary providers; school settings; and the community at large.


Promoting healthy weight includes providing opportunities for physical activity and healthy food choices both in the community and in the school




Prevalence


There are approximately 17% (or 12.5 million) children and adolescents aged 2 - 19 years are obese.


Obesity and extreme obesity among U.S. low-income, preschool-aged children went down for the first time in recent years. From 2003 through 2010, the prevalence of obesity decreased slightly from 15.21% to 14.94%. Similarly, the prevalence of extreme obesity decreased from 2.22% to 2.07. Childhood obesity has been on the rise, doubling in childhood (2-5, 13.9%, 6-11 18.8%,) and tripling in adolescents (17%)In 2011-2012, obesity prevalence was higher among Hispanics (22.4%) and non-Hispanic black youth (20.2%) than non-Hispanic white youth (14.1%)


Source: Trends in the Prevalence of Extreme Obesity Among US Preschool Aged Children Living in Low income families 1998-2010. JAMA (2012);308(24):2563-2565.


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